Saturday, October 20, 2007

Gurgaddi Dihara of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji

October 20th marks the Gurgaddi Dihara of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, when the Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh jee Maharaaj rested Guru-ship in the eternal Guru of the Sikhs, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
Lets all of us say, Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaj 5 Times
and lets make an effort together in learning and understanding the bani well.

Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji

The Guru Granth Sahib became the Guru of the Sikhs and successor to Guru Gobind Singh on October 1708, when the 10th Guru made Sri Guru Granth Sahib the 11th and final eternal Guru.

The Guru Granth Sahib was compiled by Guru Arjan and Guru Gobind Singh.

The Adi Granth is often used to refer to the Guru Granth Sahib. The Adi Granth is actually the original composition of the Guru Granth Sahib which Guru Arjan compiled in 1604. This term is often used interchangeably so it is important to note the context within which it is used.

The Granth was made a living guru by the last of the living Gurus, Guru Gobind Singh in 1708. Guru Gobind Singh said before his demise that the Sikhs were to treat the Granth as their next Guru.

How Did Guru Gobind Singh Ji pass the Guruship

Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and last of the Sikh Gurus to take human form, dictated the entire Granth Sahib at Talwandi Sabo now called Damdama Sahib. Dhir Mal, the son of Baba Gurditta and grandson of Guru Hargobind, had taken possession of the Adi Granth; he refused to give it to Guru Gobind Singh when the Guru asked for it. Dhir Mal taunted the Guru, "If you are a Guru, then prepare your own."

Guru Gobind Singh proceeded to dictate it to Bhai Mani Singh, who recorded it on paper. While some have questioned the authenticity of this story, it is well for us to remember that, of course, Guru Gobind Singh was no ordinary person at all. And, in the old days of bards and story-tellers, it was not unusual for them to recite from memory entire epic poems such as the Iliad and the Odyssey. Guru Gobind Singh included the Shabads of his father, Guru Teg Bahadur, but he did not include his own Shabads; instead, he placed them in a separate Granth, the Dasam Granth. The Dasam Granth is not revered as Guru, however. The great task of re-writing the entire Guru was finally completed in 1705. The "Damdama Sahib Bir" as it is now called was then taken to Nanded where it was installed.

Guru Gobind Singh installed this expanded version of Adi Granth as Guru on October 20, l708. This day is celebrated today as Guru Gadi Day. At the time of his death, he declared that the Word of God embodied in the Siri Guru Granth Sahib was to be Guru for all time.

He said, "O Beloved Khalsa, let any who desire to behold me, behold the Guru Granth. Obey the Granth Sahib, for it is the visible body of the Guru. Let any who desire to meet me, diligently search its Bani." Thus the Word of God, which has manifested as Guru in Nanak, and had passed through the ten incarnations of Guru, was now returned to its form as the Word, the Bani, the Shabad.

We normally read this at the end of ardass, at Dohra..

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